Coffee From Thailand

In recent years, Thai coffee has been rising in popularity, and for good reason. The country produces some of the world’s most complex-tasting coffee varieties and has steadily been increasing production with increasing demand.

Nacha coffee, a grower based in Chiang Mai, Thailand, produces a strain of Arabica Typica that will win over anyone skeptical of the taste quality of South East Asian coffees. We were lucky enough to not only discover the coffee but to meet the founder of the company, who retired from public life in Thailand to pursue his dream of producing the world’s best Arabica coffee from his homeland.

The province of Chiang Mai is located 700km (approximately 435 miles) north of Bangkok and due to several environmental factors, has produced soil particularly good for growing coffee. Though situated in a tropical region, Chiang Mai enjoys a more mild climate compared to the rest of the country. The area has lower humidity, a shorter monsoon season, and a lower annual temperature, creating a micro-climate among the Chiang Mai mountains. Rain water from the mountains seeps into the soil, making it particularly rich in mineral content.

Chiang Mai, Thailand
Chiang Mai, Thailand

Grown at 4000-5000ft above sea level, Nacha coffee reflects the land’s complex environmental conditions in its taste. For one, the farmers use a multiple picking process to ensure that the coffee beans are always ripe. Rather than stripping the trees all at the same time and later discarding undesirable beans, Nacha’s arabica is handpicked before it is processed. Coffee pickers will do sweeps of the trees picking only the beans that have fully ripened. In addition, the grower sun-dries their coffee, rather than putting their delicate beans through several water processes.

Chiang Mai Mountains
Chiang Mai Mountains

The anatomy of a coffee bean consists of several layers which insulate the bean and can affect the taste of the coffee. Rather than being power washed and stripped of these insulating layers, the beans are soaked to soften the pulp, which is removed, and then the beans are left to sun-ripen, thereby naturally separating the layers. The pulp of the cherry and the parchment surrounding the coffee bean itself (a paper-like layer similar to the shelling of a peanut) contains taste elements which give a more complex and layered flavor to the coffee. Nacha is careful to preserve bits of parchment in order to better conserve the bean’s full bodied flavor. Nacha growers use minimal processing and manage to clean the beans in the most natural way possible, without depriving the coffee of its natural taste. In order to ensure the quality of the final product, Nacha’s beans are hand graded, and then roasted in small batches. By doing so, the grower is able to more closely monitor the entire process and guarantee the best tasting final coffee.

Coffee Bean detail
Coffee Bean detail. (Image courtesy of kupajoe.com)

Travelers to Chiang Mai have the special treat of witnessing the gorgeous soil used to produce Nacha’s coffee. The region’s soil is particularly fragrant, smelling of spices which seep into the coffee giving it a much more complex taste than a typical supermarket-bought arabica. The diverse flavor of Nacha’s arabica rivals that of top Kona coffees, and has recently beaten the world-famous Hawaiian Kona coffee in a taste test, and was given the title of “Best Asia Coffee” at the 2007 Long Beach SCAA.

Nacha coffee is not by any means a Kona arabica imitation, but simply what might be a new contender for the world’s best arabica coffee, a position often attributed to true estate-grown Kona. Because of the geographic limitations of Kona production, the critically acclaimed Nacha fills a niche in the coffee market, while at the same time remaining under the radar and untainted by outsiders. The naturally spiced Nacha bean has an incredibly smooth taste that appeals even to those coffee drinkers who are not otherwise fans of arabica. Coffee-lovers looking to experience a truly outstanding coffee and somewhat wary of the sometimes suspect origins of Kona coffee are in luck, because they can now tap into Chiang Mai’s coffee resources.

Nacha prides itself on being a “perfect roast” coffee, in that it is incredibly versatile and can be used to make a wide variety of coffee drinks. The coffee makes a superb dessert drink, because it lacks many of the bitter elements found in other types of arabica. Here is a recipe created using the Nacha as an espresso, plays up the smooth flavor of the coffee, and is a people-pleaser given its delightful presentation. All you need is one shot of Nacha espresso, milk, cream, or liquid non-dairy creamer (depending on personal preference), and your choice of sweetener. The “Bullseye Espresso” drink makes you feel like you’re in a gourmet coffeeshop, yet it requires nothing more than an entry-level espresso machine.

Espresso Bullseye

First, brew the espresso into a pot or carafe (not directly into your cup).

While the espresso is brewing, pour about an inch of milk, cream or non-dairy creamer into your cup. Add sweetener at this point. Important: if your milk is cold, table sugar won’t melt in it. You should use syrup, superfine or confectioner’s sugar, or Splenda/Nutrasweet; or, you can warm the milk first on the stove or in the microwave.

Espresso Bullseye
Espresso Bullseye

When the espresso is done brewing but the machine still has some steam in it, use the extra steam to froth your milk. Milk froths best; cream and creamer don’t froth quite as much, but they still work.Then, pour the espresso in a thin stream into your cup. This makes the bullseye mark in the center.

Don’t stir the drink! What really makes this drink special is the contrast between the powerful espresso and the sweet milk. Your first sips are sweet and creamy, then gradually more straight espresso; finally, your last sip is sweet again.

For a delicious variation on the Bullseye Espresso, try using a tablespoon of Bailey’s Irish Cream or Frangelico (hazelnut liquer) instead of sugar. Alternatively, you can try adding pure maple syrup, or heating the milk and using Demerar or Muscovado sugar to add depth of flavor.

One of the pleasures of dabbling in Thai coffee is accessing a world-class coffee that the world market has yet to discover. Another is dealing with producers who are working in a free-market environment and are extremely concerned both about the environment and the welfare of the communities in which they operate. Nacha family-owned, estate-grown coffees rely heavily on the support of their communities and they give back a lot in terms of infrastructure, assistance to education, and the general welfare. This reflects our own belief that coffee is a crop that is more than just a food procut, it has a vast effect on human culture and welfare, and has for over a century (it is currently the most traded commodity in the world after water and oil).

Thai coffee is exceedingly difficult to procure outside of Thailand. We looked for years to find Thai coffees in the USA, but mostly what wefind are powdered coffee mixtures with sugar and spices. Very sweet, they are intended to be used as a instant coffee or made into an iced drink. We were lucky to find Nacha coffee when we were down in Philadelphia having some coffee made into pods at ABCD-Pods. Nacha had found this vendor and was also podding some of their coffee into ESE espresso pods. We tried the coffee and were so imporessed we asked to be connected to the producer.

Nacha coffee is proactive in plans to distribute their line globally. Hopefully they will bring some further recognition of Thailand as a fine coffee-producing country (635,000 152-pound bags in 2008) as they pioneer the sale of roasted, branded coffee outside of their own country.

Lonely Planet Discover Thailand (Full Color Country Travel Guide)
Lonely Planet Discover Thailand (Full Color Country Travel Guide) by China Williams

Resources

Nacha Coffee – Coffee from Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Vietnamese Coffee Online – Product page for Nacha Coffee.

Chiang Mai Tours – Tourism information.

Wikipedia – Wiki page for Chiang Mai, Thailand.

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Len Brault

A 25-year veteran of marketing and design, he decided in 2005 that he would turn his strengths to the beverage he loved and began a pilgrimage to find the "original" coffees that he had once loved so much more than the modern-day hybrids and unidimensional Arabicas that seemed to permeate the land. He would find the best heirloom coffees that remained largely undiscovered and unchanged by Western influence, and showcase these coffees on the Internet.

The search led him to Southeast Asian coffees, established a century or more ago and still being cultivated, processed and brewed locally in traditional manners from an era gone by, unknown to the industry, markets and media in the USA and Canada. Len has evaluated thousands of coffees in a continuing search for the original, traditional, and unspoiled. He has undertaken the task of writing about these coffees, the cultures from which they came, and the manners in which they are brewed and enjoyed. His comment? "It's a rough job, but somebody has to do it." His new company, Heirloom Coffee, LLC, is devoted to helping indigenous producers gain access to international distribution under their own brand names so that they achieve the most "fair" of all trades, which is, eliminating commodities brokers and receiving all the fruits of their own labors.

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